Title I, Part A – According to the U.S. Department of Education, Office of State Support, Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended (ESEA) provides financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards. Federal funds are currently allocated through four statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state:

• Basic Grants provide funds to LEAs in which the number of children counted in the formula is at least 10 and exceeds 2 percent of an LEA’s school-age population.

• Concentration Grants flow to LEAs where the number of formula children exceeds 6,500 or 15 percent of the total school-age population.

• Targeted Grants are based on the same data used for Basic and Concentration Grants except that the data are weighted so that LEAs with higher numbers or higher percentages of children from low-income families receive more funds. Targeted Grants flow to LEAs where the number of schoolchildren counted in the formula (without application of the formula weights) is at least 10 and at least 5 percent of the LEA’s school-age population.

Title I, Part D – According to the National Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Neglected or Delinquent Children and Youth, the goals of Title I, Part D, are to:

• Improve educational services for neglected or delinquent children so they have the opportunity to meet challenging State academic content and achievement standards;

• Provide them with services to successfully transition from institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and

• Prevent youth who are at-risk from dropping out of school, and to provide dropouts and children and youth returning from correctional facilities with a support system to ensure their continued education.

• Title I, Part D, Subpart 1: Under SEA programs, States receive formula funds based on the number of children in State-operated institutions and per-pupil educational expenditures. Each State’s allocation is generated by child counts in State juvenile institutions that provide at least 20 hours of instruction from non-federal funds and adult correctional institutions that provide 15 hours of instruction a week. The SEA then makes sub-grants to State agencies based on their proportional share of the State’s adjusted enrollment count of neglected or delinquent children and youth.

• Title I, Part D, Subpart 2: Under local agency programs, the SEA awards sub-grants to districts with high numbers or percentages of children and youth in locally operated juvenile correctional facilities, including facilities involved in community day programs.